The History of Peru
Peruvian Independence Day
In the early 1800s, liberators such as José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar fought to give South American nations independence from Spain. Peru gained its independence on July 28, 1821.
The Flag of Peru
The flag of Peru -- as used today -- was first introduced in 1825 by Simón Bolívar.
Francisco Pizarro: A Timeline
A timeline of the life of Francisco Pizarro, Spanish conquistador and conqueror of Peru.
Who Discovered Machu Picchu?
Did Hiram Bingham discover Machu Picchu, or did others find the Inca citadel before him?
The Pyramids of Caral in Peru
The settlement of Caral on the coast of Peru is the most ancient city so far discovered in the Americas.
Biography of Saint Rose of Lima
Saint Rose of Lima, born in Lima in 1586, is one of the most famous and venerated figures from Peruvian history.
The Apu Mountain Spirits
Mountains were sacred places for the Incas. The peaks were home to powerful apu mountain spirits, spirits that are still venerated in the Andean highlands today.
Guide to the Inca Empire
Learn more about the Inca Empire with this detailed guide by K. Kris Hirst, About.com's archaeology guide.
Huáscar and Atahualpa: An Inca Civil War
The Inca civil war proved to be a key factor in the rapid fall of the Inca Empire. The Spanish conquistadors were able to exploit the rivalry between Huáscar and Atahualpa, a conflict that severely weakened the Incas.
Timeline of the Ancient Andes
Take a trip from the Preceramic Period to the Late Horizon with this series of articles detailing the timeline of the ancient Andes.