Where in the World is Peru?
Peru is one of twelve independent countries located in South America (not including French Guiana, which is an overseas region of France).
The entire country is located south of the equator -- but only just. The equator runs through Ecuador to the north of Peru, missing Peru’s northernmost point by a small margin.
The CIA World Factbook places the center of Peru at the following geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 76 00 W. In terms of longitude, Peru is roughly in line with the East Coast of the United States.
Peru’s Location in South America
Peru is located in Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean. The nation’s coastline stretches for about 1,500 miles (2,414 km).
Five South American countries share a border with Peru:
- Ecuador to the north (border length 882 miles)
- Colombia to the north (1,119 miles)
- Brazil to the east (1,861 miles)
- Bolivia to the southeast (668 miles)
- Chile to the south (106 miles)
Peru itself is divided into three distinct geographic zones: the coast, the mountains and the jungle (costa, sierra and selva).
How Big is Peru?
Peru has a total area of approximately 496,224 square miles (1,285,216 km2). It is the twentieth largest country in the world, ranked between Mongolia and Chad. In comparison with US states, Peru is slightly smaller than Alaska but almost twice the size of Texas.